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Last modified: 20 July 2021
15 June 2020| | NATO C2COE
Operations that involve multiple domain can range in size, complexity, duration, and the set of domains involved from relatively simple ones that involve a single entity operating in two domains to those that involve a heterogeneous set of entities, each of whom may be operating in multiple domains with very different characteristics. What is common across these operations is that operations in one domain need to be appropriately synchronized in time, space and effect with operations in one or more other domains to achieve the desired outcomes. Achieving this synchronization falls to C2.
Given the significant differences between and among operations that involve more than one domain and the differences in the C2 Arrangements that are required to manage these operations, a ‘one-sizefits-all’ label or term is problematic. Terminology matters because, if it is capable of distinguishing between different situations, it can help us quickly understand the challenges (in this case the C2 challenges) and thus suggest the nature of the solution (in this case, an appropriate set of C2 Arrangements. On the other hand, if a term does not recognize the significant differences between, in this case, operations that involve more than one domain, it may lead to misunderstanding the C2 challenges and to an inappropriate solution. The term Multi-Domain Operations (MDO) is problematic for these reasons. It paints with too broad a brush. Having said this, finding and agreeing on a new term is easier said than done.
Last modified: 20 July 2021
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The Command and Control Centre of Excellence (NATO C2COE) was established in 2007 on the initiative of the Netherlands to create a group of Command and Control (C2) Subject Matter Experts supporting the transformation activities of Supreme Allied Commander Transformation (SACT) and of the Sponsoring Nations of the NATO C2COE (Belgium, Germany, The Netherlands, Norway, Slovakia, Spain, Türkiye and the USA; Estonia joined as latest member in 2013). We support NATO, nations and international institutions/ organisations with subject matter expertise on Command & Control.
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